The Project presented last year and voted in the Congress was finally sanctioned by the Brazilian president. It reaffirms the commitments assumed by Brazilian government with the United Nations in the Biological Diversity Convention.
The project’s main goal is to reduce the bureaucracy and stimulate researches and innovation when it comes to native species.
In the project, genetic heritage is defined as genetic information of plant species, animals and species from other nature, including some substances found in the metabolism of living beings.
Among the main points approved by our president, there are:
– now the national organizations can make a simplified registration in the Internet to explore the biodiversity.
– if a product was made by material from our biodiversity, the company will have to allocate 0,1 till 1% from the annual net income to the government. The money will be part of a National Fund.
– according to the project, indigenous people will have the right to participate in the decision making when talking about issues related to conservation and sustainable usage of traditional knowledge. In addition to this, economic exploitation of resources in indigenous areas will only be made after prior consent of local people. (this is such an advance in Brazil! As you may know, some foreign companies come to Amazon and take wherever they want from indigenous areas without any conversation with local people. Sometimes they give them cell phones or computer just to have the “right” to explore our resources – a modern way of barter that unfortunately remains in our forests)
– small companies are free from payments for our natural resources exploitation.
THE OTHER SIDE…
Despite the advances shown above, some environmentalists say the law expands the companies domain over our biodiversity without protecting indigenous people and its culture.
Well, until now we had no law to control the exploitation of our genetic heritage. At least, now he have something that intends to protect our biodiversity and indigenous people’s area. I’d rather believe it will protect our environment.